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Romans 8, 17ff: The model for how we deal with the apocalypse. Is there hope that we can somehow get through the coming crises?

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Apocalypse now, hope against anger. Romans 8 preached differently.

In our age of intense ecological fears, Paul's sensitive portrayal of creation as a suffering being longing for release from its bondage to perdition (Romans 8:19-22) obviously resonates. It's a remarkable image. In 3 sermons (exegetical sources: Part 1 Original A. Perriman | Part 2 Original A. Perriman) I created this great chapter of Romans inspired by A. Perriman's great exposition (a You can find a brief overview here) creatively transformed into 3 sermons.

My key question: How does Romans 8 help our apoclypses? With trembling and hesitation, I asked my community to do something strenuous. The second sermon with baptism, the last sermon was even an apocalyptic one Wedding Sermon - a huge balancing act between happiness and horror. The approach of the 3rd sermon was inspired by Hugo Bardi's collapse theory. Since my sermons more Speak as Write and peppered with stimulating elements, it makes everything more lively. So decide for yourself which approach you want to take to the content: video (sermon) or blog text (dry and less!) or both? Warning, this is a long post! Take a few quiet hours.

For we know that all creation groans and fears with us up to this moment.

(Romans 8, v.22)

But how much modern theological weight can this image of groaning creation carry? Can it be ours? prophetic answer support, which in my opinion is necessary in order to achieve this Mission of the Church to underpin as we move into this Anthropocene enter? A tragic example of man-made takeover, better that Overwhelm of creation was this message for me in 2021:
Anthropocene replaces Holocene 11,700 years of human history?
In November 2021, it was reported that scientists at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel calculated that by the end of 2021, the weight of man-made products on Earth, concrete, metal, plastic and textiles, will grow exponentially. By the end of the year it could exceed the mass of all living things on earth.

1. Why and what does creation groan and fear from Paul's perspective?

Part 1 of Romans 8 (start with sermon)

The explanation in Romans 8 looks both forward and backward

  • forward to the Revelation of the Sons of God and the liberation of creation from the slavery of transience,
  • backwards on one Moment in which creation is subject to transience was.

According to common understanding (since the Church Fathers), the entire created existence is included in this range. Professor Dunn, a well-known English exegete, writes for example:


“All of this is about creation as a whole and the fulfillment of God’s original purpose in creating the cosmos.” The cause of the suffering of creation lies in the original sin of Adam and Eve, which led to the entry of death into the world (cf. Rom 5:12), to pain in childbirth and to the cursing of the earth (Gen 3:16-19 ). The future consummation is the end of all things and the beginning of a new creation (cf. Revelation 21:1-8).

Prof. Dunn

And the German exegete Prof. U. Wilkens also comments in the same way in his great commentary on Romans, even if he objects that the subject of submission in the text does not fit Adam at all, but rather is God himself; others think of Satan as the author of all evil.

So the standard interpretation has tended to be understood this way because it encompasses our entire human experience. I will choose a different path. In doing so, I argue that they, like many theological interpretations of the Holy Scriptures, wanting too much at once. Always keep in mind that I understand Paul as a Jew with faith in the Messiah rather than as the first great Christian. What Paul presents is not a universal message—ranging from Adam and Eve to the Last Day—but rather a limited interpretation of his own historical era about the “subjugation of creation” to the “Futility” of “Greek” idolatry. This fits with his criticism of Greek idolatry in Romans 1:18-32 and is consistent with Paul's speech that Luke has him give in Athens (Acts 17:22-31).

Creation groans and laments - and it happened like this:

Sometime in the past Creation was "subjected to vanity/transience (tēi... mataiotēti... hypetagē), not willingly, but because of him who subjected it in hope." Therefore, "she groans with us and suffers with us until now" (Rom. 8:20, my translation). But when the sufferings of the persecuted apostles and churches come to an end (soon), creation will “come out of the Slavery to corruption/transience (phthoras) be set free for the freedom of the glory of the children of God" (Romans 8:21-22).

Meditation: Our first response “Yes, it’s bad at the moment…”

  • The three C crises: climate, corona, war in Europe: creation crises...
  • Hope is in short supply these days
  • I am afraid of the collapse of the previously paradisiacal Western life
  • Maybe we'll get away with a black eye, but our grandchildren probably won't
  • How is this ever going to be good again without any worries? I don't want to think about it...
    I understand why we want to suppress these horrors for the sake of our mental health. Don't think too much...

Then on Thursday I saw the Ukrainian choir in the market square and can No longer suppress the reality of war. It is present in the middle of Lemgo and in Lippe with over 1000 refugee women, children and grandmothers from Ukraine. Connected by video.

Does it help Ukrainians today when Paul cheekily claims: “The sufferings of the present time are of no importance compared to the impending glory that will be revealed to us?”
Isn't this baseless dreaming?? Into a future that will never dawn? At least according to experience. We have been waiting for the final turning point for 2000 years. For free. For free? Or have we overlooked something, missed the works of God?
And if the interpretation is correct: “Everything will be better after death”? What do you do with the accusation that this could just be a form of happy repression? Creation continues to suffer after your individual death, sighing and groaning under the burden of the other people still living.

I have 3 counterarguments for a (perhaps small) mood high

  1. The future is and has always been open. We can paint the devil on the wall or generate pipe dreams. Things turn out differently.
  2. Every war ends - at some point - even if it means ZERO hour. Yes, we Germans rightly had to go through it.
  3. Hope that you see is not hope. But Paul's hope, among others, is based on reality = on people's wars and catastrophes - not escapes into private dream worlds.

Two texts help us understand how Paul reached his conclusions in chap. 8, which comes from writings that undoubtedly influenced his thoughts in Romans. The first text is Isaiah 24, the second is Solomon's Wisdom 14.

Cliffhanger: The Re-enslavement of Creation in the Modern World Since 1850

Once again, scientists at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, have calculated that by the end of 2021, the weight of man-made products on Earth will exceed the weight of living things.

Creation was freed from its bondage to Greek idolatry when the peoples of the Greco-Roman world confessed Jesus as Lord, so it has been subjugated again in the last few hundred years and forced against her will to satisfy the monstrous appetite of the modern, global consumer society.

But maybe she doesn't just moan with the prophetic communities - like Fridays for Future for example - who want a better world. New is: She could be preparing to fight back. Now we must write a new chapter 8 to convincingly articulate our hope. Next Sunday I'll try again. Part 2 Romans 8. Christian hope in the Anthropocene.

My 2nd passage through Romans 8, 17ff

Part 2 sermon on Romans 8 (start with song before the sermon)

Original: A. Perriman
Prophets are people who fearlessly face reality. Look at the apocalypses and chaos with hope and bring them together with God.
In our age of intense ecological fears, Paul's creates empathy a heartfelt image of creation as a suffering being, which longs for deliverance from its bondage to perdition (Romans 8:19-22), obviously resonates. It is the remarkable word:

For we know that all creation groans and fears with us up to this moment. (V.22) ...For creation waits longingly for the revelation of the sons of God...

Romans 8:22

I asked myself in the first part:

Why and what does creation groan and fear from Paul's perspective?

Paul reads as a Jew with fresh faith in the Messiah. One question bothers him: What is God doing in my life? historical era? And he updates the idea of the prophet Isaiah about the “subjugation of creation” for his time: the “futility” of “Greek” idolatry is to blame. This fits with his criticism of Greek idolatry in Romans 1:18-32 and is consistent with Paul's speech that Luke has him give in Athens (Acts 17:22-31).

Now I have to talk to you for a moment Immerse yourself in 3 ancient texts: these texts help us understand how Paul came to his conclusions. Writings that undoubtedly influenced his ideas in Romans. Sound very challenging to us: Isaiah 24 is one Judgment proclamation with the motto:

1. The God YHWEH is destroying the world

Isaiah 24 is one Court notice, who are probably more against this "Land" Israel and its surroundings as directed against the whole "Earth", but that doesn't make much of a difference here.
You know the logic:
The inhabitants of the land, from the greatest to the smallest, from the priest to the slave, have "transgressed and transgressed the law and changed the ordinances - an eternal covenant (Isaiah 24:5 LXX). The way this sin is described is strongly suggestive points out that the text primarily focuses on Israel.
For this reason "spoils (kataphtheirei) the Lord the inhabited world (oikoumenē) and:: makes them desolate":: (Isaiah 24:1 LXX). The country is being “corrupted" (phthorai phtharēsetai) and "looted" (Isaiah 24:3 LXX). Ein "Curse Will Devour the Land" (Isaiah 24:6 LXX). It is therefore a question of a change in creation that took place ::in the middle of Israel's history:: ::not at the very beginning of history:: Earlier there was natural and social prosperity; now are the Vineyards devastated, the streets are quiet, the Cities are deserted (Isa 24:7-13 LXX). For this reason "mourns"(epenthēsen) the land, and the vine"mourns" (penthēsei) (Isa 24:4,7 LXX). The country mourns the injustice done to it and its involvement in the fate of the people.

Aha: Indeed, the country's experience reflects the experience of its residents:

The country mourned and the "exalted ones of the land mourned"; the country behaved "lawless“ (against the rules of God) (ēnomēsen) because its inhabitants transgressed the law; the vine will mourn, and all who rejoice in their souls will sigh (stenaxousin)" (Isaiah 24:7 LXX).
The oracle of Isaiah concludes with the statement that the Lord at the end (“At the time”) both the Hosts of heaven as well as that Kings of the land will punish. He will reign in Zion, "and he will be glorified before the elders" (Isaiah 24:21-23).
If Isaiah 24 is an oracle about the "land" = Israel, then Paul, in his appropriation of this prophetic VISION in Romans 8:19-22, expands the scope to include the Roman Empire. But the The basic form of his arguments is the same:

  • God submits, the country dem Doom (phthora);
  • the mourning or sighing of the land;
  • the close parallel between the experience of the land and the experience of the people who live in it, although Paul's interest is in the hope of the righteous rather than the lawlessness of the unrighteous;
  • and a End scenario where the Lord reigns and among the elders of Judah is glorified, as was the case with Paul "Sons of God" will be glorified in the presence of Christ.

Now let's look at how Paul expands his perspective on Isaiah:

2. How are idolatry and the corruption of life related?

His justification for “Doom of Greek civilization reflected in Romans 1:18-32 several themes of standard Hellenistic Jewish criticism at the pagan religion contrary.

A contemporary, the author of Sibylline Oracle, Book 3, says, for example, that idolatry was brought into the world 1500 years ago by the Greek kings, which led to vain thinking (ta mataia phronein). But the wrath of God will come upon them, and they will “sigh (stenaxousai) mightily and stretch out their hands to the vast heaven and begin to call upon and seek the great King as a Protector, who shall be a Savior of great wrath" (Sib. Or. 3:551-561).

Similarly we read in the Wisdom of Solomon Cape. 14 of the upcoming "Visitation" of divine judgment on the idols of the nations. The idols as material objects are "part of the divine creation" (en kismati theou), but their invention was "the beginning of fornication, and their discovery the corruption (phthora) of life" (Wis 14:11-12).
So: The order of creation was ignored by the pagan peoples, and the result is social ruin.

3. The “Good News”: There will be an end to the enslavement of creation when corruption through idolatry ceases

Paul is clearly relying on these analyzes or something very similar in the first two chapters of Romans. The wrath of God was - and is - revealed against the Greek world because they did not recognize the ::invisible power of the living Creator God, but were "blinded ::" (emataiōthēsan) in their thinking and "Worshiped and served the creature instead of the Creator" (Rom. 1:18-23, 25; 2:9-10).

I strongly assume that Paul is his strong opening thesis still in the back of my mind, when he gets to Chapter 8. So there are good reasons to spread the argument about the subjection of creation to futility and its enslavement to corruption Jewish story of terrible Greek idolatry and therefore impending divine judgment connect to.

For Paul, the general subjection of creation to ::transience / futility (also a possible translation):: or vanity or nothingness / meaninglessness is a consequence of the fact that physical materials of creation God in the Service of the pagan religion were provided. Very specifically: Gold, silver and stone (cf. Acts 17:29) do not want to serve idolatry; they were included against their will (hekousa). Since idolatry leads to the "corruption of life," it is a "bondage of corruption" (tēs douleias tēs phthoras). That's why I read v. 20ff with this lens like this:

For the creation waits longingly for the revelation of the sons of God (for the creation was subjected to corruption, not voluntarily, but for the sake of the Greek = the one who subjected) in the hope that the creation itself will be freed from the slavery of corruption to the freedom of the Glory of the children of God. (Rom. 1, 20-21, own translation)

What have we learned from this foray into ancient texts?

  1. In the logic of Paul's apostolic mission in the Roman Empire, the fundamental "error" (cf. Rom 1:27) of the Greeks/Romans in the production and veneration of images led to the Creation was subjected to the senseless practice of idolatry; she became the servitude of one religious system forced** that life** in the manner described in Romans 1:24-31 spoils.
  2. This is why creation eagerly awaits the revelation of the sons of God on the Day of the Lord: And this is the day when the peoples of the oikoumenē because of Jesus give up their idols en masse and finally worship the "immortal God". Then creation will no longer be subject to the senseless production of "images resembling mortal men and birds and beasts and reptiles" but will be freed to be what it is supposed to be The will of the Creator should always be - a sign or proof of "his invisible properties, namely, his eternal power and divine nature" (Romans 1:20-23).
  3. The future fulfillment means for Paul and his followers not only the Establishing Christ's rule over the nations and the justification his successors. But also with it Freeing creation from its entanglement in the pernicious practice of idolatry. This has come true, an instructive past for us: namely
    • History became history in 313 AD. with the conversion of Emperor Constantine and
    • the political-religious turn of the tyrannical Roman Empire to the Christian God,
    • hence that too End of “Greek” idolatry
    • and 381 AD all pagan cults throughout the Roman Empire are banned.

Our task: Write Romans 8 for the 21st century: What hope do we have? Where should we expect a “story of the re-enslavement of creation” in the modern world since 1760?

Mission of the Church

The industrial age began in 1760 with the invention of the steam engine/railway, and in 1850 in Germany...

Creation was freed from its bondage to Greek idolatry since 313 AD, when the peoples of the Greco-Roman world confessed Jesus as Lord, so it has been subjugated again in the last two hundred years and forced against her will monstrous appetite of the modern, global consumer society to breastfeed. So the passage in Romans 8 is less useful for a direct modern postcolonial eco-prophetic program than we might have hoped. Paul's argument has its merits own narrow historical context, and I think that it makes a lot of sense in this context and gives us courage to express our hope.

Perhaps Creation doesn't just groan today with the prophetic communities - like Fridays for Future e.g— who want a better world. A new chapter 8 probably says today: Earth could be preparing to strike back.
So let us in write new chapter 8 of hope, in order to formulate just as convincingly good prospects for the 21st century as Paul did for his near future in his time. Hope needs concrete perspectives for today and tomorrow if it is to inspire us.

In the next section I'll try again. Part 3 on Romans 8. Christian hope in the Anthropocene. My teaser for this:

  1. Miraculously, the global community is surrounded by the new idols of mammon, the modern global monetary system and the fossil fuel economy freed and a new era, an ecological age, is dawning.
  2. If God first frees his worldwide church together with the extra-church prophets to radically implement this vision and also prepares them to stand out as “weirdos”, “dreamers” and possibly as “martyrs of this vision”,
  3. Then the system will receive the necessary push to bring about a concrete political and economic change.

My trembling 3rd step: Romans 8, 17ff now sharpened for our era:

The third part of the sermon series on Romans. 8, 17ff (start with the end of the marriage ceremony before the sermon)

What hope or how much is there in our midst current Story of the re-enslavement of creation“ in the modern world ?
Since 1760 (with the invention of the steam engine), the industrial age of humanity slowly began, which has given us the climate dilemma for a good 100 years - alongside many extremely good things that we live and no longer want to do without.
We know together: Creation has been subjugated again in the last two hundred years and forced against her will monstrous appetite of the modern, global consumer society to breastfeed. This is us and our prosperity. Our life.
And: We realize with shock: TodayCreation doesn't just groanThe earth, the climate seems to be preparing to strike back.
So I have to sharpen the question: What does an honest one look like? = realistic Christian hope in the Anthropocene in the midst of collapse / through the collapse of our now so normal and beloved systems?

Love of reality is the word of UN Secretary General Guterres in December 2020:
We are about to commit collective suicide!
I will now walk you through 3 steps and a conclusion:
1. What do I mean by collapse?
2. Between denial and acceptance, what is our reaction?
3. Is there any room for negotiation?
4. What does hope look like for the year 2122? (My rain)

1. Definition: COLLAPS is NOT a system failure, it is a natural PROPERTY of complex systems.f

Accordingly, all breakdowns have certain properties in common. Without exceptions.
They are always collective phenomena,
that is, they only occur in so-called complex systems,
i.e. in network structures made up of “nodes” that are connected to each other by links.
A collapse is that rapid restructuring of a large number of such links, possibly also their collapse and disappearance. Everything that collapses (everyday objects, towers, airplanes, ecosystems, companies, empires, churches and the like), they are always networks.

  • The nodes can Atoms be and the links between them chemical compounds. This is the case with solids, for example.
  • In some cases the physical connections are between the elements artificial structures and therefore a study object for engineers.
  • And sometimes the knots are People or social groups, whose connections can be found on the Internet or manifest themselves in personal communication,
  • maybe also in exchange rates. This is the research area of social sciences, economics and history.

All of these systems have a lot in common, especially non-linear behavior, which means they do not react proportionally to the strength of an external disturbance. When a system increases an external disturbance, it is said to be "self-reinforcing" or "self-reinforcing".positive feedback, on the other hand, from a “dampening”, “stabilizing" or "negative feedback, when the system contains the disturbance and largely ignores it.
As it is said, in a complex system there is always a »“Kick back” is to be expected, sometimes such a setback is surprisingly violent and occasionally it just seems chaotic.

The tendency of complex systems to collapse can be viewed, among other things, from the perspective of “tipping points”. The term refers to a collapse not a smooth transition is, but one drastic change, which transfers the system from one state to another, briefly passing through an unstable state.
The more resistance you put up to a change, the more that change will bounce back and eventually overcome that resistance. And often this happens suddenly.

2. Climate feelings: people's reactions

A “new book with the title: Climate Feelings

How we can grow from the environmental crisis instead of despairing wants to help.
"We all push away the climate crisis every day. Or rather: the feelings associated with it", know the two founders of the "Psychologists for Future" Lea Dohm and Mareike Schulze. And the repression of strong feelings such as fear, sadness and anger is up to To a certain extent it is even necessary, because the immediate consequences of the climate crisis are threatening and shockingThey question our entire lives and thus have a major impact on our sense of security. Concern about the climate hits us with all its force on our psyches; it paralyzes, frustrates and “robbs” us of our important emotional capacities. We know we need to do more to fight the climate crisis, and we struggle with feelings of guilt. We become active and are frustrated because our efforts - as is so often the case - ultimately change nothing. And the crisis continues to progress.
Many people now see themselves strong feelings again Climate fear, but also confronted with anger, frustration, hopelessness and sadness about the climate. You feel helpless and overwhelmed. Quite a few are so afraid of the future that they no longer want to have children. The two psychotherapists and founders of “Psychologists for Future” know how to calm these people down, support them and what advice is best to give them. In their well-founded and With practical advice, they share their strategies for dealing healthily with their own climate feelings and show how to stay mentally healthy despite the climate crisis. Because we can only save the earth if we ourselves are well!
Teachers of the Stoic school in Paul's time said: "We must arrange the things that are in our power as best as possible, but take everything else as it comes." It follows that one can avoid the collapse or at least the consequences of a collapse can be mitigated if you can Accepting change instead of fighting against it. It means- I'll translate theologically: Don't try to fight God's judgment. It will only get worse. All we can do is accept it! We tend to the opposite:

Denial: Its Many Faces

The Politics (parts of politics?) for example, it seems to have given up on any attempt to adapt to change and instead resorts to crude, hard-hitting slogans that promise an impossible return to the earlier period of prosperity (such as "making America great again").
The Gas crisis seems to be coming, we will adapt, so freeze and dress warmly.
The Hunger crisis stands out. We will adapt, so we will let many die. Of course, we don't come up with the idea of getting rid of millions of pigs and cows this year and sowing the next crop of bread wheat instead of fodder wheat and giving it to the hungry. And learn meatless cuisine. No idea.)
People often go to enormous lengths to... Relationships to hold together, which they should rather let end.
We also stubbornly cling to ours Workplace, even though we may hate it and even realize we should look for a new one.
In technology, a lot of energy is invested in developing methods continue to use old inventions - for example (private) automobiles - which we should probably get rid of.
Entire civilizations declined and disappeared because they failed to adapt to change, a fate that will happen to us too.
if we don't learn to accept the necessary changes and us from the stubborn addiction to fossil fuels to free those who are ruining our planet.

Acceptance means surrender and mourning

Let's understand it as an addiction. Then that's it first step: The surrenderWe admit that we are powerless and that we no longer have control over our self-destructive civilizational behavior and will die because of it.
When we destroy what is the foundation of our lives, we are truly moving towards ruin at a rapid pace. Every addiction ends in death. This is the wisdom of the 12-step movement. Those who surrender feel deep powerlessness and sadness at the loss of apparent security and control. Step 2: we come to believe that a higher power gives us hope that something can still happen.
3. Negotiate: Do we still have time to prevent a catastrophe? Perhaps?
Maybe it's not enough anymore, but at least we can do the ones that are coming mitigate the effects, when we consider what exactly we have to expect and when we capitulate; ie finally honest face the grim truth, then perhaps we can adapt somewhat to the rapid changes that are coming. The lesson here: you can to solve a problembut not fix a change. You can only adapt to change. And preferably quickly.
Further cases of systemic collapse are lurking, such as the financial/monetary system (Banks) and the healthcare system (Pandemics), political systems (Governments) Security systems (wars). And finally, the greatest possible collapse within the boundaries of our planet: this Extinction of humanity.

How do we have a conversation with young people given these bleak prospects?

We as mature adults with a grounded spiritual perspective can at least offer these resources:

You can come at any time if you need help, I am at your disposal to help you process this shock psychologically and practically.
Yes, your life will never be the way I lived when I was your age.
Yes, we are absolutely morally responsible for your situation, and
yes, we have to do our part to save what can be saved (instead of giving up),
Maybe we can buy ourselves some more time, and
EXTEND THE DESCEND - AS LONG AS IT'S TO START THE ENGINE AGAIN, FIND A LANDING PLACE OR MAYBE TO ORGANIZE “A GOOD FAREWELL TO YOUR LOVED ONES”.
Grieving is an appropriate and necessary response to any dying process: This is not contradicted by an unbridled joy in the life that we still have now;
It is like life in hospice, but with a relatively healthy body, where priorities are being reassessed.
We should not and cannot spiritually skip over or paper over this sadness (e.g. “Just believe = things will get better in heaven!”).

An adult offer for young people

The comparison with the awareness of imminent death due to incurable cancer, for example, shows me that our farewell process can immensely increase the feeling for life, love and values. It's in the room: MILLIONS OF PEOPLE WILL DIE DUE TO CLIMATE - WHAT CAN WE DO?
It is not absolutely clear, but most likely. That's why I'd rather paint black now than calm down with a naive eye. And yet we can take the moment seriously and love the life we have right now.

Let us seek a new image of God

Namely an image of God with a connection to the earth!

  • Romans 8 teaches us: mother Earth loves her children. This is how God embraces us, his children, God is the sun and shield, and our life, which is wrapped in this earth, golden-yellow barley fields. There is no replacement earth out there anywhere. And in the screams and moans of the Mother Earth on the one hand and the Spirit of God in us/before God on the other hand (Romans 8:26: “In the same way the Spirit helps our weaknesses. For we do not know what we ought to pray; but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings that cannot be uttered.”)—in this God suffers with us and his creatures towards redemption.
  • Learn to listen: LISTEN! It's about listening to God, the groans and the sad cries of his creation - English "listen" = listen to wake up and get solutions. Since all systems have failed, including green parties, we have to listen anew, listen to God and creation. I have, we have no solution against the court.
  • NEW church services: We urgently need new ceremonies in the church: how and where best to celebrate the compassionate Listen to the groans of creation?
    Which rituals promote one earth connection with God, “To be enveloped in the life of God’s creation”; how will we firmly rooted a part of the vibrant life of God: “Being in life” - not masters of life! This corresponds to Paul's thought: being in Christ, in the Holy Spirit. How do we celebrate our being? in the spirit, so that it becomes the core of our hope for survival through the coming judgment that we have brought upon ourselves, which seems inevitable.


So this is how I interpret Paul's messianic hope for us: Divine life in shape-shifting remains. life remains, but it will not be life as we know it today. It will be a new world. After the judgment and collapse of the old one. And which of us is there? The sons and daughters of God who lived righteously? Who were part of the solution? Yes. They are justified in retrospect. The future will show that.
Point. End of my black painting. Now a little bit of confidence:

4. My attempt at regnosis - instead of a forecast

When we listen to our great-grandchildren Paul or Käthe in the year 2122 (that is the time gap from today to the beginning of our modern civilization = 100 years) when they report that - as if by a miracle - the world community of theirs idols of the misguided Mammons, our monetary system, and the fossil fuel economy freed and has made a new era of an ecological age politically possible from 2122 onwards.

This was preceded by chaos: The world had missed the 2050 targets and temperatures had risen by 4, 2080 by 6 degrees. The polar ice caps melted and the seas rose by 100 meters. 70% of the world's population who lived on the coasts perished after distribution struggles and resource wars. And the remaining people in the few areas that were still inhabitable moved together.
Blessing in disguise: In 2045, God had liberated a billion of his worldwide church along with the extra-church prophets and activists to become collectively ready as warning voices to proclaim this judgment for change. She was prepared to stand out as a spinner of this black painting and to be fought and sacrificed as a martyr.

Because the church believed again: Martyrs are the “seed of the Church.” So got that WeltSystem the necessary boostthat the collapse of the political-economic order should at least be treated with some decency and love Love of God for the weak and poor-, at least in churches and alternative communities was flanked and thus saved humanity from the complete destruction. A remnant of solidarity had survived the apocalypse.
Read from the Diary of Mankind with Romans 8.

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